The most basic definition of political science is that it is the study of human behavior and politics. It also is concerned with issues concerning the public policy process, government, civil society, elections and democratic participation. It is related to other disciplines, such as sociology and psychology. In fact, there are many who consider political science as an overlapping discipline.
Political scientists study how people organize their lives to achieve political goals. Their efforts can include participating in elections; working within political institutions; lobbying on behalf of interests that are in conflict; supporting groups that promote specific agendas; creating public policies and organizing social movements. Politics is a multi-faceted and challenging endeavor.
The study of human behavior is primarily based on sociological methodologies, such as anthropology, psychology and sociology. There are many different types of research that are done to study the political beliefs and actions of people. Some of these are empirical, which rely upon observation and experimentation. Others rely on social and behavioral research techniques.
Political scientists can also do research on the processes that shape political change. This includes studying public policy makers, public opinion and social movements. They study how people organize around political goals and issues. Some political scientists focus on analyzing what drives political actors. They examine the values and beliefs that drive these actors to make decisions about political activities.
Political scientists are also interested in what kinds of public policies affect people. They investigate the impact of policy changes on various dimensions of life. They study these policies in the context of social interaction, such as politics, law, economics, social welfare, education and health. In addition to studying policy, they also study the effects of policies on the behavior and beliefs of people.
A political scientist also analyzes the interactions that happen within political institutions. For instance, they are able to measure the degree to which institutions affect the behavior and beliefs of citizens. How can social and cultural factors affect the decision-making process?
Political science is very important because it is the basis for all political systems, including political institutions such as democracy. It also has influences that reach beyond these institutional structures and into the broader culture and civilization. Therefore, it can influence other disciplines such as psychology and social science.
Political scientists have many diverse fields of expertise. They may specialize in a particular area, like American politics. They might work in both the public and private sectors, including think tanks, think tank associates, private consultants, research fellowships, and foundations.
As a political scientist, you might choose to focus on a certain political party or candidate, such as a politician or a member of Congress. You may focus on an issue, like poverty. You might focus on the culture, like the culture of the United States. Or you may work on global politics, such as environmental change and global warming.
Political science is an interdisciplinary field. Because the subject matter is so broad, it requires a lot of research and development. You need to constantly keep your knowledge and skills current. You must be able to understand and communicate well with new ideas and methods. You must also have good communication skills.
Political science is a very exciting and rewarding career. There is a lot of room for growth and development in this field. You can build a great deal of experience and knowledge by just specializing in one particular subject. But it takes more than that!